Nicolaus Copernicus (German: Nikolaus Kopernikus; Italian: Nicolò Copernico; English: Nicolaus Copernicus ; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance astronomer and the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe.
19 February 1473
Toruń (Thorn), Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland
24 May 1543 (aged 70)
Frombork (Frauenburg), Prince-Bishopric of Warmia, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland
Mathematics, astronomy, canon law, medicine, economics
Kraków University, Bologna University, University of Padua, University of Ferrara
Heliocentrism, the Copernicus Law