(7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934)
Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish-French physicist and chemist.
She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry.
She was the first female professor at the University of Paris.
She was born Maria Salomea Skłodowska in Warsaw.
She shared her 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with the physicist Henri Becquerel.
Eight years later, in 1911, she received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
She the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium.
While an actively loyal French citizen, Skłodowska-Curie never lost her sense of Polish identity.
She taught her daughters the Polish language and took them on visits to Poland. Her parents were teachers.
She had older siblings were Zofia (born 1862), Józef (1863), Bronisława (1865) and Helena (1866). Her paternal grandfather Józef Skłodowski had been a respected teacher in Lublin, where he taught the young Bolesław Prus.
Her father Władysław Skłodowski taught mathematics and physics and was director of two Warsaw gymnasia for boys.
Her mother Bronisława operated a prestigious Warsaw boarding school for girls.
She died when Maria was twelve. Marie was wife Pierre’a Curie and mother two daughter Eve Curie i Irène Joliot-Curie.