Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur was born in Jura in France on 27 December 1822, and died in Marnes-to-Coquette the 28 September 1895, aged 73. He was a scientist, a chemist and a French physicist. In 1865, Louis Pasteur invented “pasteurization”, a method to protect and preserve wines during their transportation. They are heated for some time, then rapidly cooled.
In the year 1880, Pasteur and his colleagues note that some bacteria prevent rabies to occur in animals, and they are protected against subsequent infection. In 1885, Pasteur create a vaccine against rabies. On 6 July, his first test was made on a 14 year old boy named Joseph Meister. He was bitten by a rabid dog. The test is satisfactory because he does not contract rabies. In October, another boy is bitten, he is successfully vaccinated. The news spread quickly and many patients are being vaccinated. Three years later, an institute under the name of Pasteur was inaugurated, and is dedicated to immunization and research.

Posted by Camilia, 3A, Moutiers, France

Pasteur, French scientist

C

The Lumière Brothers

the Lumiere brothers

 Auguste Lumiere was born on 19 October 1862 in Besançon and died on 10 April 1954. Louis Lumiere, his brother, was born on 5 October 1864 in Besançon and died on 6 June 1948.

They are the first two people who invented the autochrome (the coloured photography) in 1896, the first 3D photography (1920) and even the first 3D films in 1935!

They made the first movies and the public projection which took place in Paris on 22 March 1895 was a great success thanks to their invention : the cinematographe.

They made over 1425 movies.

Some funny things to know about the Lumiere brothers :

– Lumiere means “light” in French

– The brothers said “the cinema is an invention without any future”, that’s why they stopped working on it at some point and turned to photography.

– They didn’t want to sell their invention : filmmakers were angry and had to find new inventors.

Invention of movies

The beginning of the cinema:

1886, the first camera.

In 1895, the Lumiere brothers present their first film “the exit from the Lumiere factory “in Paris .

In 1898 it’s the birth of sergueÏ Eisenstein . He installs a new style of cinema, he will work on the brightness , the colours , the rhythm and the sound for the cinema.

In 1902 , the first fiction movies appear.

The first movies were created by George Méliés.

article written by Agathe, 3A