GREEK LINGUISTS

1. ALEXARCHUS or ALEXARCH

Alexarchus or Alexarch was an ancient Macedonian scholar and officer, son of Antipater and brother of Cassander who was the King of Macedonia (305–297 BC).  Alexarchus lived around 350 to 290 BC.He is mentioned as the founder of a utopian town called Uranopolis, in Chalcidice.  He re he is said to have introduced a number of neologisms.

Image    Chalcidice, Greece

  • NOTE:

A neologism {from Greek νέο- (néo-), meaning “new”, and λόγος (lógos)} means a new term, word, or phrase, that may be in the process of entering common use, but has not yet been accepted into mainstream language.

2. GEORGIOS BABINIOTIS

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Georgios Babiniotis was born in Athens, in 1939. He graduated from the 9th Boys’ Gymnasium of Athens and then he studied philology at the Philological School of Athens. In 1962 he earned his degree, and he took more studies in Greece and Germany.. Before his 35th birthday, he became a full professorof linguistics at the Philology School of Athens University.

Repeatedly he has been elected Dean of the School of Philosophy of the University of Athens (1978-79 and 1981-83) and Chairman of the Department of Philology (1991-95 and 1997 to this day).

He is also president of the Arsakeio-Tositsas Schools Educational Society, president of the management council of the Greek Civilization Foundation and president of the Athens Linguistics Society. In 2009 he was assigned manager of the Council of Primary and Secondary Educationand he works on the changes of the examinations system in Greek secondary schools that allow students to undertake tertiary education.

He manages the Lexicology Centre which in 1998 published the Dictionary of Modern Greek which has also come to be known as the “Babiniotis dictionary”.

On 7 March 2012, he was appointed Minister of National Education and Religious Affairs.

Class B3 , 19th High School of Patras

Michael Dertouzos

Michael Dertouzos was born on 5 November 1936 and died on 27 August 2001. He was a great professor and director of the Computers Science Laboratory in Massachousetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

         

He predicted that the electronic computers will be used a lot in the future. He managed to do things earlier than other people and he helped technology to be improved such as the wordwide web.

Demetres Proskefalas, Grade 2, 2nd Juinir High School of Paralia

Constantinos Daskalakis

Constantinos Daskalakis was born in 1981. He is a university professor. He has also got a lot of degrees. He became famous when he solved the John Forbes Nash puzzle.

John Forbes Nash proved that if there are a lot of general situations, there is always a point of balance. John Forbes Nash won a prize for this invention. He had created a simpler system of relations of the people who have different benefits, such as when playing games. Daskalakis, however, proved that, if we buy something, even if there are different benefits, we can find a balance. However, sometimes this balance is impossible.

For this proof he won a prize by the international organization ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) in 2008.

Demetres Proskefalas, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

First exam!

Hello!

Today our third class started first day of their exams. Today they had history, Polish, tomorrow maths and science, and on Thursday foreign languages-English or German.

Here is our photo made before the exam in the morning.

Have a nice day!

Agata W and my class 3a

Our school play

On 23 March all the students, the teachers and a lot of parents  got together at our school’s function room to celebrate our national holiday of 25 March.

We, the students of Grade 3, put on a special play with the help of our PE and English teachers, and it was perfect!

We were preparing for this play for about two months. We missed a lot of lessons and breaks, but we did excellent work!

Below you can see some pictures from our preparations!

We also made amazing scenery, which was like an old traditional house and we wore traditional costumes. In the photos below you can see our costumes and the scenery we made.

I played one of the three main roles, which, although  was very long and very difficult,  made me very happy!

All this preparation period was an interesting and crucial part of my school life!

Roula Georgiou, Grade 3, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia.

Valerios Stais

Valerios Stais was a Greek archaeologist of the 19th century. He was born in 1857 in Kythera.

He studied medicine in Athens and later archaeology in Germany. He carried out excavations at Epidauros, in Thessaly, Antikythera, and elsewhere.

Excavation of 1890 by the Greek Archaeological Service under Valerios Stais.

In Antikythera, the world’s first marine archaeological excavation, he recognized the importance of an initially thought as an insignificant finding, and which was later named the Antikythera Mechanism.

Photo of Valerios Stais in diving suit in 1902.

That finding was very interesting and it was the first computational mechanism built around 1500 to 100 BC.

Valerios Stais published many studies and died in 1923.

Bessy Karapataki, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia.

Victor Sarianidi

Victor Sarianidi is an archaeologist of the diaspora from Pontos. He was born in 1929 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. He is contemporary of Andronicus and he carried out excavations in Asia looking for the route of Alexander the Great and the lost civilizations of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.

Excavations at Tillya Tepe in 1978 by Russian archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi. Six golden burials from the second quarter of the 1st century AD were found amongst the ruins of an older Bronze Age fortress. Photograph courtesy Viktor Sarianidi.

Bessy Karapataki, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Eugene Michel Antoniadi

Eugene Michel Antoniadi was a Greek astronomer. He spent most of his life in France. So, on the internet we can find him as a French and Turkish astronomer. Antoniadi was also a very successful chess player.

He studied architecture and he drafted  archaeological drawings of the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.

Antoniadi became a reputed observer of planet Mars. His top observations  were straight canals on planet Mars, which looked like dark lines. Antoniadi concluded that the canals were optical illusions, something that was confirmed by the spacecraft missions to the planet several years later.

Through countless hours of observations he made the first detailed map of the surface of the ‘red planet’. This project was completed by John E. Fokas and the main features of Mars (mountains, areas, craters) have got greek names.

Eugene Antoniadi observed the inside planets Venus and Mercury and tried to draw a map of Mercury. But his efforts were flawed and based on the assumption that Mercury turned always the same hemisphere towards the sun. He invented the scale for the quality of seeing widely used today by amateur astronomers.

Eugene Antoniadi played chess against great players of his time. In the 1907 tournament in Paris he won the first place.

The craters Antoniadis on Mars and

Antoniadi on the southern hemisphere of the Moon have taken their names from this famous astronomer!

Mary Tourkodimitri, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia. 

Spyros Marinatos

Spyros Marinatos was a Greek archaeologist and academic who was born at Cephalonia on the 4th of  November 1901 and died at Akrotiri in Santorini on the 1st of October 1974.

He studied archaeology and graduated (1921) from the Philosophical School of the University of Athens. Between 1927 and 1939 he did his post-graduate studies in Germany. Between 1937 and 1939 he became general manager of the Ancient and Historical Monuments of the Ministry of Education. In 1955 he became a member of the Academy of Athens. Between 1955 and 1958 he became a general manager of the Ancient and Historical Monuments of the Ministry of Education for a second time. In 1958 he became rector of the University of Athens. In 1967 he became manager of the  General Inspectorate of Antiquities . Between 1967 and 1974 he realized excavations at the Akrotiri settlement in Santorini.

On the 1st of October 1974 he died in an accident at the Triangular Square of the Akrotiri archaeological settlement.

At first Spyros Marinatos was buried at the place of Group D in the ancient settlement at Akrotiri in Santorini and stayed there until 2005.

Then he was carried at the south entrance of the archaeological site, but in future his body will be moved to a monument which is going to be built especially for him.

Jenny Kipourgou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Beautiful Prague!

We want to share some photos with you from beautiful Prague! This city is absolutely amazing, wonderful, full of wonderful places, buildings, great food, cafes, churches, monumets. Our trip was just gorgious. We went there on 21.03.2012 on 1st Day of Spring Day.  The weather and the athmosphere of this place was brilliant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have plenty of photos, this trip was really amazing. If you want to go to a beautiful places, you must see the Prague!

Agata Waltrowska, Ewa and Kamila.

Easter, good bye…

Hello everyone!

How are you? We finished our Easter time at school, but still there are everywhere Easter decorations in our classes and homes. I really like our class rabbit :

and we had a very nice School Easter Breakfast. We prepared Easter food, dishes and we brought them to the classroom.

How did you celebrate this time? Have a nice day!

 

Bye bye and greeting from Zabor

 

 

Agata Waltrowska

Heron of Alexandria

Heron was from Alexandria and he was a mechanic and a geometer. He lived in Alexandria in the first century B.C. or the first century A.D.

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He invented the aeropile. It was the first steam engine in history. It is said that he followed the theory of the atoms and the engineering drawings of Philon. As a basis for his works he used the  ideas of Ctecibius.

Inventions and achievements

  • He invented a fountain that was working with compressed air.
  • He invented the pipettes (or syringe).
  • He invented a threading machine with wooden screws.
  • He invented a vending machine for water.
  • He invented a wind wheel

  • He invented the odometre. It was an individual construction which could be fitted in any chariot. It was made of a complex of gear wheels and drills that could transport the motion of the wheels. Then, they could convert it in length units.

  • He invented a force pump. It was widely used in the Roman world and one of its applications was in a fire engine.

Georgia Kalantzi, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Nikolaos Platon

Nikolaos Platon was a renowned Greek archaeologist.

He discovered the Minoan palace at Zakros in Crete.

He was born in 1909 in Cephalonia, but his family was from Crete. He studied philosophy and archaeology at the University of Athens and he finished his doctorate degree in Paris.

In 1930 he started his archaeological career as an assistant at the Museum of Heraklion. In 1937 he returned to Paris to study, and in 1939 he returned to Crete where he became the director of the Museum of Heraklion. From 1960 to 1962 he was appointed director of the Archaeological Region of Athens and of the Acropolis museum. In 1965 he became a professor of prehistoric archaeology at the Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, and in 1974 at the University in Rethymnon.

He died in Athens on 28 March 1992.

Nicole Panayiotatou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Kyriakos Pittakis

Kyriakos Pittakis was born in Psiri of Athens.

In 1821 he was in the revolution against the Ottomans. In 1824 he studied in the Ionian Academy of Corfu. In 1833, together with other prominent personalities, he founded the Archaeological Society.

He helped greatly with the establishment of the New Acropolis Museum.

He died on 23 October 1863. He was married to Catherine Makri, sister of Theresia.

Nicole Panayiotatou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Demetrios Pandermalis

Demetrios Pandermalis is a professor of Archaeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

He studied at the Historical and Archaeological School of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and then at the School of German Language  and Literature of the Philosophical School.

He excavated large parts at the ancient city of Dion in Pieria.

He is also the founder and director of the New Acropolis Museum.

Mary Roboti, Grade 2, 2nd Junior HIgh School of Paralia

Anthony Keramopoulos

Anthony Keramopoulos was a Greek academic, writer, and archaeologist.

He was born in 1870 and died in 1960. He studied in the Philosophical School of Athens and he taught History of Art to students of the School of Arts.

After his studies he went to Germany, Italy, and Austria to study further. He worked as a professor of archaeology in the University of Athens.

He was a member of the Academy of Athens since 1926 and he also represented Greece in the deliberation of peace in Paris.

As an archaeologist he participated in many excavations and he discovered the Dispilio neolithic settlement of 7 houses open to the public in Kastoria.

Chryssa Panagopoulou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Michael Kosmopoulos

Michael Kosmopoulos is an archaeologist and a university professor of Greek Studies and Anthropology at University of Missouri – St. Louis.

He was born in Athens in 1963 and he graduated from the school of Anavrita. He also studied History and Archaeology in the Phisolophical School of Athens University, in Sorbonne – Paris IV University and in Washington University of St. Louis.

He received a diploma in underwater archaeology in 1984.

He has done many excavations all over Greece and Ukraine and he’s been running the Iklaina excavations in Messinia, Greece, since 1999.

He is known worldwide for, among other things,  the discovery of a Linear B tablet from Iklaina which changes everything we know about the origins of literacy and bureaucracy in Europe as scientists believe that it is the first known written record in Europe from as back as between 1450 and 1350 B.C. (Read more: http://www.stltoday.com/news/multimedia/image_2032964a-0fd7-5482-b0e5-64676be76c1c.html#ixzz1r5lqgH2K)

Chryssa Panagopoulou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia