Heron of Alexandria

Heron was from Alexandria and he was a mechanic and a geometer. He lived in Alexandria in the first century B.C. or the first century A.D.

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He invented the aeropile. It was the first steam engine in history. It is said that he followed the theory of the atoms and the engineering drawings of Philon. As a basis for his works he used the  ideas of Ctecibius.

Inventions and achievements

  • He invented a fountain that was working with compressed air.
  • He invented the pipettes (or syringe).
  • He invented a threading machine with wooden screws.
  • He invented a vending machine for water.
  • He invented a wind wheel

  • He invented the odometre. It was an individual construction which could be fitted in any chariot. It was made of a complex of gear wheels and drills that could transport the motion of the wheels. Then, they could convert it in length units.

  • He invented a force pump. It was widely used in the Roman world and one of its applications was in a fire engine.

Georgia Kalantzi, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Nikolaos Platon

Nikolaos Platon was a renowned Greek archaeologist.

He discovered the Minoan palace at Zakros in Crete.

He was born in 1909 in Cephalonia, but his family was from Crete. He studied philosophy and archaeology at the University of Athens and he finished his doctorate degree in Paris.

In 1930 he started his archaeological career as an assistant at the Museum of Heraklion. In 1937 he returned to Paris to study, and in 1939 he returned to Crete where he became the director of the Museum of Heraklion. From 1960 to 1962 he was appointed director of the Archaeological Region of Athens and of the Acropolis museum. In 1965 he became a professor of prehistoric archaeology at the Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, and in 1974 at the University in Rethymnon.

He died in Athens on 28 March 1992.

Nicole Panayiotatou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Kyriakos Pittakis

Kyriakos Pittakis was born in Psiri of Athens.

In 1821 he was in the revolution against the Ottomans. In 1824 he studied in the Ionian Academy of Corfu. In 1833, together with other prominent personalities, he founded the Archaeological Society.

He helped greatly with the establishment of the New Acropolis Museum.

He died on 23 October 1863. He was married to Catherine Makri, sister of Theresia.

Nicole Panayiotatou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Demetrios Pandermalis

Demetrios Pandermalis is a professor of Archaeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

He studied at the Historical and Archaeological School of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and then at the School of German Language  and Literature of the Philosophical School.

He excavated large parts at the ancient city of Dion in Pieria.

He is also the founder and director of the New Acropolis Museum.

Mary Roboti, Grade 2, 2nd Junior HIgh School of Paralia

Anthony Keramopoulos

Anthony Keramopoulos was a Greek academic, writer, and archaeologist.

He was born in 1870 and died in 1960. He studied in the Philosophical School of Athens and he taught History of Art to students of the School of Arts.

After his studies he went to Germany, Italy, and Austria to study further. He worked as a professor of archaeology in the University of Athens.

He was a member of the Academy of Athens since 1926 and he also represented Greece in the deliberation of peace in Paris.

As an archaeologist he participated in many excavations and he discovered the Dispilio neolithic settlement of 7 houses open to the public in Kastoria.

Chryssa Panagopoulou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia

Michael Kosmopoulos

Michael Kosmopoulos is an archaeologist and a university professor of Greek Studies and Anthropology at University of Missouri – St. Louis.

He was born in Athens in 1963 and he graduated from the school of Anavrita. He also studied History and Archaeology in the Phisolophical School of Athens University, in Sorbonne – Paris IV University and in Washington University of St. Louis.

He received a diploma in underwater archaeology in 1984.

He has done many excavations all over Greece and Ukraine and he’s been running the Iklaina excavations in Messinia, Greece, since 1999.

He is known worldwide for, among other things,  the discovery of a Linear B tablet from Iklaina which changes everything we know about the origins of literacy and bureaucracy in Europe as scientists believe that it is the first known written record in Europe from as back as between 1450 and 1350 B.C. (Read more: http://www.stltoday.com/news/multimedia/image_2032964a-0fd7-5482-b0e5-64676be76c1c.html#ixzz1r5lqgH2K)

Chryssa Panagopoulou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia