Eugene Michel Antoniadi

Eugene Michel Antoniadi was a Greek astronomer. He spent most of his life in France. So, on the internet we can find him as a French and Turkish astronomer. Antoniadi was also a very successful chess player.

He studied architecture and he drafted  archaeological drawings of the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.

Antoniadi became a reputed observer of planet Mars. His top observations  were straight canals on planet Mars, which looked like dark lines. Antoniadi concluded that the canals were optical illusions, something that was confirmed by the spacecraft missions to the planet several years later.

Through countless hours of observations he made the first detailed map of the surface of the ‘red planet’. This project was completed by John E. Fokas and the main features of Mars (mountains, areas, craters) have got greek names.

Eugene Antoniadi observed the inside planets Venus and Mercury and tried to draw a map of Mercury. But his efforts were flawed and based on the assumption that Mercury turned always the same hemisphere towards the sun. He invented the scale for the quality of seeing widely used today by amateur astronomers.

Eugene Antoniadi played chess against great players of his time. In the 1907 tournament in Paris he won the first place.

The craters Antoniadis on Mars and

Antoniadi on the southern hemisphere of the Moon have taken their names from this famous astronomer!

Mary Tourkodimitri, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia. 

Spyros Marinatos

Spyros Marinatos was a Greek archaeologist and academic who was born at Cephalonia on the 4th of  November 1901 and died at Akrotiri in Santorini on the 1st of October 1974.

He studied archaeology and graduated (1921) from the Philosophical School of the University of Athens. Between 1927 and 1939 he did his post-graduate studies in Germany. Between 1937 and 1939 he became general manager of the Ancient and Historical Monuments of the Ministry of Education. In 1955 he became a member of the Academy of Athens. Between 1955 and 1958 he became a general manager of the Ancient and Historical Monuments of the Ministry of Education for a second time. In 1958 he became rector of the University of Athens. In 1967 he became manager of the  General Inspectorate of Antiquities . Between 1967 and 1974 he realized excavations at the Akrotiri settlement in Santorini.

On the 1st of October 1974 he died in an accident at the Triangular Square of the Akrotiri archaeological settlement.

At first Spyros Marinatos was buried at the place of Group D in the ancient settlement at Akrotiri in Santorini and stayed there until 2005.

Then he was carried at the south entrance of the archaeological site, but in future his body will be moved to a monument which is going to be built especially for him.

Jenny Kipourgou, Grade 2, 2nd Junior High School of Paralia