Henri Fabre – The hydravion (sea-plane)

1- Biography :

 

Henri Fabre was born on 29 November 1882, in Marseille and died at the age of 101 in1984, he was French. He studied at the University of Marseille, and then went on to study engineering at Supélec school (Paris). During four years Henri Fabre devoted himself to designing, testing and building his hydro-airplane (a plane designed to land on water). His job was to design seaplanes.

Henri Fabre stopped to concentrate on hydro-airplane construction to become an entrepreneur in machine building, he sold the hydro-airplane and built several copies.

 

2 – The invention :

On March 28, 1910, the first hydro-airplane to have flown is that of Henri Fabre. He flew 800 metres above the water. The hydro- airplane was designed to fly above the water and also to be able to land on water.

He didn’t receive any awards for his invention.

3 – My opinion :

Ithink the sea-plane is a good invention for  people because, they can fly on the water without having to take boat. The hydro-airplane is  faster than a small boat and is also more convenient because there are countries where there are many lakes. People don’t need an airport to land so it’s very handy for the transportation of goods in places where there are no airports but a lot of water.

Heloïse, Moutiers, France

Niecephore Niepce

              The Pyreolophore

 

Niecephore Niepce was born on March 7, 1765 in Chalon-sur-Saône and he died on July 5,1833. His real name was Joseph Niepce.

He was a pioneer of photography. In 1792 after his studies in the college of Oratiens in Angers,he decided to enlist in the army.

In 1798, Nicephore and his brotehr Claude decided to work on the pyreolophore.

 

 

In 1798, they worked on the development of an engine based on the dilatation of air.

In 1807, the pyreolophore will be the first sea-engine which works in explosion by means of a system with injection of gasoline.

 

With his brother, they worked on several projects,as the replacement of the hydraulic machine of Marly and the culture of the pastel to replace the indigo.

In 1816, after the invention of the pyreolophore, he began to work on the photography, alone and then he associated with Louis Daguerre.

 

Nowadays, Niepce is mostly famous for having invented the first photograph in 1825.

 

By  Chloé, France

Camembert by Marie Harel

 

Marie Harel was born on  28 April, 1761 at Crouttes, she is considered the inventor of the “camembert” cheese.  She married on May 10, 1785 in the city of Camembert to Jacques Harel, a laborer at Roiville A statue of Marie Harel is visible in Vimoutiers.

 

 

Camembert is a cheese with French cow milk, a soft white crust with salt, made in Normandy.

My Opinion :  

I think cheese is very good and important for gastronomy and for France because this cheese is very delicious and famous worldwide.

by Samuel, Moutiers, France

The shower, a French invention

French people are sometimes said to be reluctant to take showers, we find it very surprising given that the shower was invented by a French man, and believe us, we use his great invention daily!

François Merry Delabost was born on 29 August 1836 in Saint-Saire, in France and he died on 11 March 1918.

He was a surgeon at the hospital of Rouen from 1867 to 1883.

Director of the Preparatory School of Medicine and Pharmacy, he is known for having invented the shower in a prison, in Rouen.

He was a Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1893 and he became president of the Academy of Sciences in 1897.

François Merry Delabost had the idea of inventing the shower because, he wanted to improve the hygiene of the prisoners.

Thanks to this invention people can wash and have hot or cold water, and hygiene conditions improved in Europe from then on.

By Mélissa, Moutiers, France

Eugène Poubelle

 

Eugène-René Poubelle (born Caen, France, 15 April 1831, died Paris 16 July 1907) was the man who introduced the dustbin, to Paris . He was a lawyer, administrator and diplomat who as préfet of the Seine region of France introduced hygiene measures in Paris to which a newspaper gave his name. He became very popular for introducing ‘the rubbish bin’ for everyone to use to put their waste in there.

By Enzo (with help from Wiki), Moutiers, France

Gustave Ponton d’Amécourt

 Biography

 Gustave Ponton d’Amécourt was a French numismatist (it’s a person who studies currencies and medals) and an archeologist. He was born in 1825 in Paris  and he died in 1888. He was the president and the founder of the French society of numismatics. He mainly studied Merovingian Currency. He got the  medal of the legion of honor, given by the French president.

                                             

  His invention:

 He was the inventor of the helicopter. It’s also  him who had invented this word. (The word helicopter” appeared for the first time in 1861).

This inventor built with Gabriel de La Landelle a small prototype of steam power-driven helicopter.  The “expensive helix” created by him contributes to solve the problems of air navigation .

                                        

  My personal opinion :

 I think this invention was very useful to progress in diverse fields. 

 For example, to help people, the helicopter was very useful : for rescuers, it’s a revolutionary means of transportation. They can save people more quickly and in better conditions.

It’s also very useful for the army ans the navigation air.

 It’s one of the biggest inventions in History

                                                       

 by Alex, France        

JOSEPH CUGNOT

Joseph Cugnot, French inventor

Joseph Cugnot was a French military engineer who was born in1725 inVoid-Vacon (it is in the northeast of France) and died in1804 inParis. He studied mostly military inventions.

The invention :

Between 1769 and 1771, Joseph Cugnot invented  the first motor vehicle (the first car). At the beginning, he built it to move heavy artillery. His invention meets many problems (it goes into a wall…) this is why, later he stops working in the military domain and he continues his searches alone till his death. He didn’t get any award for his invention but his work stays in the memory of everybody.

My opinion :

The car evolves from day to day and now it is our main mode of transportation. Without cars, we couldn’t move on long distances. I believe his invention is an enormous progress for the humankind. To finish, I think that his invention changed the world and eased people to move

the first self-propelled vehicle

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Leon Theremin

the theremin

The First electronic musical instrument

Léon Theremin was a Russian and Soviet inventor . He was born on August 27th,  1896 and died on November 3rd , 1993 . He is famous for his invention of the  theremin,  one of the first electronic musical instruments .

  Léon Theremin

Theremin is an electronic music instrument , invented in 1919 : it is one of the oldest electronic instruments made of an electronic case with two antennas . Theremin can produce music without being touched by the instrumentalist.

We command the tune of the key with the right hand to the vertical antenna . The horizontal antenna, in the shape of a buckle, is used to make the tune vary with  the left hand.

by Alexine, French team

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur was born in Jura in France on 27 December 1822, and died in Marnes-to-Coquette the 28 September 1895, aged 73. He was a scientist, a chemist and a French physicist. In 1865, Louis Pasteur invented “pasteurization”, a method to protect and preserve wines during their transportation. They are heated for some time, then rapidly cooled.
In the year 1880, Pasteur and his colleagues note that some bacteria prevent rabies to occur in animals, and they are protected against subsequent infection. In 1885, Pasteur create a vaccine against rabies. On 6 July, his first test was made on a 14 year old boy named Joseph Meister. He was bitten by a rabid dog. The test is satisfactory because he does not contract rabies. In October, another boy is bitten, he is successfully vaccinated. The news spread quickly and many patients are being vaccinated. Three years later, an institute under the name of Pasteur was inaugurated, and is dedicated to immunization and research.

Posted by Camilia, 3A, Moutiers, France

Pasteur, French scientist

C

The Lumière Brothers

the Lumiere brothers

 Auguste Lumiere was born on 19 October 1862 in Besançon and died on 10 April 1954. Louis Lumiere, his brother, was born on 5 October 1864 in Besançon and died on 6 June 1948.

They are the first two people who invented the autochrome (the coloured photography) in 1896, the first 3D photography (1920) and even the first 3D films in 1935!

They made the first movies and the public projection which took place in Paris on 22 March 1895 was a great success thanks to their invention : the cinematographe.

They made over 1425 movies.

Some funny things to know about the Lumiere brothers :

– Lumiere means “light” in French

– The brothers said “the cinema is an invention without any future”, that’s why they stopped working on it at some point and turned to photography.

– They didn’t want to sell their invention : filmmakers were angry and had to find new inventors.

Invention of movies

The beginning of the cinema:

1886, the first camera.

In 1895, the Lumiere brothers present their first film “the exit from the Lumiere factory “in Paris .

In 1898 it’s the birth of sergueÏ Eisenstein . He installs a new style of cinema, he will work on the brightness , the colours , the rhythm and the sound for the cinema.

In 1902 , the first fiction movies appear.

The first movies were created by George Méliés.

article written by Agathe, 3A

Lucien Rouzet

Lucien Rouzet was a physicist and a very famous fench inventor. He was born the 23 March 1886 in Dieuze, that’s in Lorraine, which is in the Noth-Est of France. He studies to get his electrical engineer degree. He died the 4 March 1948.

                            

He created the radio system in 1912. He descorved that in his militery service. This invention was very important in the 1914-1918 war. It was made to keep discution with the aviators when they were far from the ground. The fact is that in 1914-1918’s war, not many french airplane had this new system. But, France provided lots of country (only Germany not). So, when England came to help France, they had this invention, who was decisive for victory.

Laters, Rouzet tried to do better, have a radio who could go further and keep longer discution. He continue his recherch till his death.

Florie, 3A ; Moutiers-les-Maufaits (France)